Sen. Arlen Specter is defending a staff member against published
charges that millions of dollars in special defense projects had been
directed to companies represented by the lobbying firm led by the
Specter was responding to a front-page report this week in USA
Today that said his office was instrumental in getting $50 million in
projects for six clients of a Washington-based lobbying firm, American
Defense International, between 2002 and 2005. American Defense
International’s president is Michael Herson, the husband of Vicki
Siegel, who handled Specter’s work for the Senate Appropriations
Committee until last year when she scaled back her work to one day a
Questions remain about how some of the money ended up in defense
appropriations bills, particularly because three of the six companies
listed Herson as their sole lobbyist in Washington at the time they
received the money set aside in defense appropriation bills by
Though Specter defended some of the projects as important for
Pennsylvania and national defense, he said he had never heard of some
of the companies.
The funding was placed in the defense legislation through an
increasingly controversial procedure known as “earmarking” _ which
allows lawmakers to set aside or “earmark” money in spending bills for
pet projects or initiatives, usually benefiting their states or
Specter said his office gets hundreds of requests for the earmarked
funds each year and that it would be impossible for him to review each
“When I went over these lists of companies only Drexel (University)
rang a bell and there I have met on occasion with some of the officials
but infrequently and I couldn’t tell you what it was about or when it
occurred,” Specter said.
But Specter emphasized that Herson never lobbied his office, and
said Siegel assured him she never lobbied for the projects. Just an
hour and a half after a conference call with reporters, William H.
Reynolds, Specter’s chief of staff, supplied the names of the people
they said requested the money for the six projects.
The recipients were Drexel in Philadelphia; Gentex Corp., which has
a facility in Carbondale, Lackawanna County; Gestalt LLC, which has an
office in Montgomery County; 3e Technologies, with facilities in
Indiana County and Philadelphia; and Power+Energy Inc., and Universal
Space Network Inc., both of which have offices in suburban Philadelphia.
Specter and Reynolds said they do not believe there has been any
violation of law or Senate ethics rules, but Reynolds said the office
is taking the precaution of referring the matter to the Senate Ethics
Committee for review.
“I would be shocked if (Siegel) was involved in any earmarking
knowing that her husband was involved, but I’m going to check it out,”
Specter said. “I do not have any allegation, charge or suggestion of
any impropriety on their part, but I’m open to listen.”
Several watchdog groups said the issue had once again illustrated
the problems that arise from marriages between Capitol Hill staffers
and lobbyists. Such unions are legion in Washington. They said the
report also underscored the need to change the rules for earmarks,
which have been used by lawmakers to reward lobbyists.